Reposted: 23 Feb 2016 from Key Resources
The following are only a few of the many principles to guide adult faith formation.
Connect to Mature Adult Needs
Adults’ readiness to learn is directly linked to needs—needs related to fulfilling their roles as workers, spouses, parents, Christian disciples, and more; and coping with life changes (divorce, death of a loved one, retirement).
“The content of programs offered in parish ministry for maturing adults rises out of the real situations in which such people live, including moments of transition and daily life” (Johnson, R. P. Parish Ministry for Maturing Adults: Principles, Twenty-Third Publications, 2007, 16). “From the idea of developmental tasks, the concept of ‘teachable moment’ emerges: the idea that one may need to learn something new in order to cope with the tasks of a certain developmental stage” (Dean, G. J. “An Introduction to Development.” Field notes for ABLE Staff, 2007, 11).
All ongoing learning and formation relating to real life needs to help mature adults grow in new understandings and new ways of acting. “Our ministry to maturing adults needs to have utility. Maturing adults asks: How can this improve my life in a concrete way?
They are looking for great ideas, inspiring concepts, motivational insights, and global perspectives, but they want them in ways that make a down-to-earth difference right now.
Because today’s older adults are living longer, are healthy and energetic, ministries with them needs to be viewed as being with and through older adults rather than to older adults. Zanzig reminds us: “Build the faith community ‘from the inside out,’ not from the top down. We will listen, discern, dream, plan, and minister collaboratively, i.e. as a genuine community of disciples with a shared mission.” (Zanzig, T., “Spiritual Transformation: The Heart of Adult Faith Formation,” Lifelong Faith, Fall 2012, 5)
Incorporate Age-Specific & Intergenerational Elements
Ministry for/with maturing adults needs to be both age-specific and multigenerational. Intergenerationality and communities-of-like interest are both needed—the comfort of our own environments as well as the challenge that comes from different ways of thinking and perceiving, deeper experiences of understanding and doing.
“The church is most healthy when it offers diversity. Age diversity is perhaps the most universally recognized diversity in most churches. All the various age groups in the church are intertwined. The ability of one cohort of people in a church to successfully meet the developmental challenges of one stage provides the needed communal context for other cohorts of persons to successfully address their proper and appropriate developmental tasks as well. We are not in isolated developmental boxes; we are all in the same pot. When one ingredient doesn’t or can’t express its unique flavor, then the others cannot express themselves fully either.
Design Holistic, All-Encompassing Programming
Adult faith formation is all-encompassing: “…parish ministry for maturing adults pays attention to three dimensions of growth: spiritual, psychological, and physical” (Johnson, 15). the “content” for adult faith formation for maturing adults needs to be broad, wide, and deep.
We know from research that adult learners will choose the learning activity that best fits their learning needs, preferred modes of learning, and time constraints. In order to accomplish this, faith formation with Baby Boomers needs to provide a variety of content and learning activities, and a variety of models for faith formation that include activities in physical places and virtual spaces.
Realize that one ministry type does not meet all the needs of older adults. Some older adults will enjoy meeting together for a weekly or monthly noon luncheon program, while other older adults would rather be part of a mission team or take part in a community service project.
To help your church discern the needs of maturing adults check out the article “What Are We Providing for Adult Faith Growth?”
Opportunities for mature adults need to incorporate various methods:
- individualized: online opportunities, reading, videos, etc.
- within home life: conversations, prayer and rituals, etc.
- in small groups: taking place in various locations (church, restaurants, libraries, homes, etc.)
- in large groups: retreats, workshops, speakers, etc.
- throughout the life of the church: worship, service, ministry and leadership
- within the neighborhood, the community and world: opportunities offered by various civic, religious, educational organizations
These various methods/opportunities remind us of another important principle (which can relieve the worry and workload of s church staff): One congregation doesn’t have to do everything. Be a clearing house and a curator by alerting maturing adults to the vast array of educational, formational, prayer and reflection and service opportunities in the area.